What is home education?

  • The official translation of the Education Act (as per October 2012):


  • In Norway, it is education that is obligatory, not school:

    • This means that a child need not attend school in order to become educated.
    • It is the parents' responsibility to ensure that their children receive the education to which they have a right.
    • This can be accomplished by sending children to public school , private school or by «private home education» cf. Education Law Opplæringslova §1-2: «Scope....».
    • In other words, it is not the school's but the parents' responsibility to see that children receive an education.

    Homeschooling is to be comparable to public education:

    • Kunnskapsløftet (the official recommendation for school curricula) allows freedom of method in teaching, but the goals of teaching both at home and at school are the same, namely §1-1: «Objectives....»(Opplæringslova)

    Adapted education:

    • §1-3: «Adapted Education» means that you as a parent must adapt your educating to the child(ren)'s skills and abilities.
    • This means that there is freedom of method; you as a parent may choose how the teaching is carried out, as long as you abide by §1-1 «Objectives....».

    There are many reasons why a family may choose to homeschool:

    • The child is unhappy at school, unsatisfactory teaching, bullying, etc.
    • Illness or other disability.
    • Long or dangerous travel to school.
    • Religious lifestyle.
    • A preference for certain educational practices.
    • Prolonged stay abroad.
    • Individually adapted or adjusted education.
    • Closing of a small rural school, so the parents choose to homeschool until another option appears.